How To Prevent
A cracked or deteriorated or one filled with tree roots can also allow groundwater to flow into the system, contributing to possible problems with sewer backup.
A backlog of sewage happens when an obstruction or damage prevents the removal of waste water from your house. This usually happens in the main sewer line connecting your home with the municipal sanitary sewers, but it could also happen elsewhere. Due to the obstruction, your sewage lines and drain pipes will be filled with wastewater, eventually causing a sewer backlog in your home.
How to prevent this sewage backup
Floor Drain Plug
One-way drain plugs can be placed under floor drain grates preventing water from backing up due to overflowing sewers. A special float deactivates once the sewer situation returns to normal, and water will flow through the opening. One-way plugs are relatively cheap and are often the best preventive solution. A regular commercial plug can be used to seal a drain entirely, but in the case of a burst pipe or overflowing washing machine, it will prevent proper drainage. Be sure that the float mechanism is always free of any debris that could prevent its proper function when using a one-way drain plug.
A standpipe gathers any water that rises from the drain, depending on the extent of the flood, and can be removed if you believe that there is no flooding risk. The overhead sewer collects floor-level runoff and then drains it into overhead pipes, gradually flowing into the main sewage line. This is the most expensive option, requiring an experienced plumber, but one of the most effective.
Usually, a backwater valve is built in the basement and connects to the side drain, often the closest manhole. Backwater valves prevent the entry of wastewater into your home and potentially destroy your floors, walls and furniture. Depending on your estate, the right backwater valve can be mounted by an experienced plumber.
Do not throw garbage in your toilets
Many people tend to throw stuff such as diapers, sanitary pads, tampons, face wipes, cigarette buds, wet towelettes in the toilet. Your toilet isn’t a trash can, anything other than tissue paper and water has a high chance of getting stuck in the pipes and causing blockage. Blocakes can put pressure of certain parts of the pipe. The pipe may break or leak contaminating other water sources around.
The most foolproof defense against flooding in the basement, but also the most costly, is an overhead drain. Any leakage is stored in a space below ground level known as a sump, where water is pumped into overhead pipes and then drained into the main sewage line of the house. A licensed plumber and a building permit are required to install an overhead sewer.
What happens if you have a sewage backup?
The health effects of sewage exposure can vary from infection to more serious diseases and even death. According to the National Resources Defense Council, wastewater pollution is responsible for nearly 2 million cases of disease per year. Sewage water can contain plenty of pollutants and hazardous materials including bacteria, viruses, pesticides, fungi, microorganisms, and others. The most common health problems caused by wastewater bacteria are as follows:
- Coli: With signs that include abdominal cramping and diarrhea, this bacterium is potentially deadly.
- Salmonella: stomach cramping and diarrhea are symptoms.
- Hepatitis: Hepatitis causes inflammation of the liver and may ultimately result in liver failure.
- Leptospirosis: symptoms include muscle aches and vomiting.
- Acanthamoeba: leads to eye, nose, ear, and throat infection.
- Helicobacter Pylori: The chance of ulcers is increased.
What to do if you have a sewage backup?
If your water smells different or look different immediately call professional plumbers to check the situation. Experienced plumbers can determine what is causing the issue and provide solution promptly. Also, they will install preventive equipment that will reduce the chances of future sewage backups. That way you can stay rest assured that you are consuming clean water and not contaminated backed up water.